The texts selected for study in Intellectual Foundations are outstanding works of literature, social and political philosophy, and science. The following texts are read in Intellectual Foundations I and II. Please note, translations and editions may vary. Please purchase the specific edition specified by your professor, available in the Carthage Bookstore.

Common texts Include…

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau, “The First and Second Discourse”
  • Toni Morrison, “Song of Solomon”
  • Homer, ”The Odyssey”
  • “Holy Bible” NRSV with Apocrypha