The texts selected for study in Intellectual Foundations are outstanding works of literature, social and political philosophy, and science. The following texts are read in Intellectual Foundations. Please note, translations and editions may vary. Please purchase the specific edition specified by your professor.

required texts Include…

  • “Enuma Elish” (Babylonian Genesis)
  • “Genesis”
  • “Discourse on the Origin of Inequality,” Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • “Hayy ibn Yaqzan,” Ibn Tufayl
  • “Communist Manifesto,” Marx and Engels
  • “Song of Solomon,” Toni Morrison